Prime Minister David Cameron announced his resignation shortly afterwards.
Independent green Alexander Van der Bellen narrowly beat the far-right Freedom Party of Austria candidate Norbert Hofer in a repeat of the Austrian presidential election, 2016 after the first election was annulled.
China was projected to have the world's largest economy by 2018 with an estimated GDP per capita equal to the US by the late 2050s.
Political polarization increased as conservatives and social liberals clashed over the role of government and other social, economic and environmental issues in the West.
Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi resigned after the result constitutional referendum, in which Italians rejected his reform to overhaul the Senate of the Republic.