and even when glorified in heaven, to allow him to display the wounds his sufferings had involved.
The first realistic sculptures of nude males, the kouroi depict nude youths who stand rigidly posed with one foot forward.
By the 5th century BCE, Greek sculptors' mastery of anatomy resulted in greater naturalness and more varied poses.
The monumental female nude returned to Western art in 1486 with The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli for the Medici family, who also owned the classical Venus de' Medici, whose pose Botticelli adapted. 1510), also drawing on classical models, showed a reclining female nude in a landscape, beginning a long line of famous paintings including the Venus of Urbino (Titian, 1538), the Rokeby Venus (Diego Velázquez, c. In addition to adult male and female figures, the classical depiction of Eros became the model for the naked Christ child.
Raphael in his later years is usually credited as the first artist to consistently use female models for the drawings of female figures, rather than studio apprentices or other boys with breasts added, who were previously used.
Both genders are represented; the male in the form of heroes such as Hercules and Samson, and female in the form of Venus and the Three Graces.