For the medical condition involving non-consensual ideation or behaviour, see Sexual sadism disorder.For the medical condition in which pain/humiliation is required for sexual arousal and causes distress or impairment, see Sexual masochism disorder.
BDSM actions can often take place during a specific period of time agreed to by both parties, referred to as "play", a "scene", or a "session".
Participants usually derive pleasure from this, even though many of the practices—such as inflicting pain or humiliation or being restrained — would be unpleasant under other circumstances.
"BDSM" is an umbrella term for certain kinds of erotic behavior between consenting adults.
There are distinct subcultures under this umbrella term.
The abbreviations "sub" and "dom" are frequently used instead of "submissive" and "dominant".