Back in Finland in 1924, he opened the Alvar Aalto Office for Architecture and Monumental Art in Jyväskylä, and emblazoned the name beside the entrance in two-foot-high letters The word abacus has meaning in Greek architecture as the name for a slab of marble on top of the capital of a column.
The column capital is at the top of the column and so the square block of marble that is the abacus rests right under whatever the column is supporting An abacus is also a calculation tool, often constructed as a wooden frame with beads sliding on wires.
In some instances we have included pictures to enhance the meaning of the word or term and we have also tried to index each term so that you may link to the explanation when the word or term appears in other pages on the site.
The most important Finnish architect of the 20th century, Alvar Aalto was a central figure in international modernism.
Mellaart and first analysed by Neuninger, Pittioni and Siegl in 1964.