Even taller are Mawson Peak (at 2,745 metres or 9,006 feet), on the remote Australian territory of Heard Island, and, in the Australian Antarctic Territory, Mount Mc Clintock and Mount Menzies, at 3,492 metres (11,457 ft) and 3,355 metres (11,007 ft) respectively.
The northernmost point of the east coast is the tropical-rainforested Cape York Peninsula.
At the north-west corner of the continent are the sandstone cliffs and gorges of The Kimberley, and below that the Pilbara.
The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent (in 1606), are attributed to the Dutch.
is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.